This is an image of a primer showing it is an integral part of a catridgeimages of primers

All the time, you hear about primers, and you wonder what primers are all about? Well if you continue  reading this blog post, I assure you that most of your questions on primers will be answered. 

In this post, we will answer questions like:

  1. What is a primer?
  2. What are primers  made up of?
  3. How much do  primers cost?
  4. Types of primers?
  5. Highest manufacturing nation of primers.

Now lets get started!!

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1.What are primers?:

  According to  https://www.en.wikipeda.org,  a primer  is a chemical and/or device responsible for initiating the propellant combustion that will push the projectiles out of the gun barrel. This simply means, primers is simply a very small quick buning charge encased in a a metal shell that ignites gun powder and helps in forwarding or propelling the bullet out of the gun through the barrel.

One thing about primers i will want you to know is that, primers are not part of a gun. Primers are simply part of a catridge. Meaning that, in a catridge, it is seperate but forms an integral part of a catridge.

 This is an image of a primer showingit is an integral part of a catridge

From the above image, You clearly see that a primer is not part of a gun but is an a fundamental or importnat part of a catridge which is designed to cause gun powder to send or forward a bullet out of a gun.

2. What are primers made up of?:

Genearlly, primers henerally contain 3 major parts which includeone or more percussion sensitive explosives to act as initiators and ignitors, a fuel source, and one or more oxidizing compounds. Usually the fuel acts as source of flame and also helps in modifying combustion.

Copper, brass and alloy are also used to construct primers. Primers are aslo made up of chemicals. The image below clearly explains more.

 One of the chemicals used in building primers is called “Lead styphnate “.  It is a very modern and primary explosive in science used in building modern primers in our days. Another chemical used here is called “Barium nitarte”. This barium nitrate acts as an oxidizer( In science, oxidizers are substances, usually compounds that adds oxygen to anothe substance), thereby adding oxygen to the explosive.
A chemical too like “Tetrazene” is used.  It is a sensitizer helps makes primers easier to handle. Also, most of the other elements used in making primers are fuels. The specific components differ and vary from one component to another.
3. How much do primers cost?:
  Usually, the price of primers are not stable. Below are websites that sell quality and legit   primers:




4. Types of primers:

 For you to understand the different types of primers, you must know that, primers designs and types vary for different firearms and riffles.

   Now adays, there is exist 2 different types of primers. we have the boxer primer and berdan primer. 
Boxer primers usually have  a small size or bit of primary explosive insde the base. Berdan primers resembles the caps used in cap lock systems. They are simply small metal cups with sensitive explosives in them.
The main difference between boxer primer and berdan primer is that:
Here is an image of the primers:images of primers

The boxer primed cartridge is much easier to reuse after firing because of the centrally located flash hole. A decapping punch can be passed through the case mouth and through the flash hole, pushing the spent primer out of the primer pocket. This makes reloading spent cases a relatively simple process, and it’s why hand loading has caught on so well in the United States.

The berdan primed cartridge is a completely different story. It has a centrally located anvil, a small bump in the center of the primer pocket. The berdan primer won’t work without this little bump, so there can be no central flash hole, so you can’t push the spent primer out with a punch. There are two or more tiny flash holes arranged around the anvil. This makes berdan primed cases exceedingly difficult to reload, and it’s why handloading has never caught on anywhere besides the United States. It is possible to decap and reload berdan cases, but it’s a painstaking process, and it’s not really worth the effort because after only a few reloadings the soft brass anvil becomes flattened from repeated strikes from the firing pin, making ignition erratic and inconsistent.

5.The highest nation producing primers:

The manufacturing of primers is very competitive especially in highly developed countries. But presently, the highest nations producing primers are:

  • United states
  • Germany
  • Austria
  • Italy.

“A great phylosopher once said, knowledge has value only when it is shared”. He that keeps knowledge destroys his environment and future

 Conclusion: I believe this post has told you 5 hidden truths about primers you did not know. I am very happy sharing this idea with you. I hope you enjoyed it. Why don’t you be generous to me and others by kindly sharing this page.

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Thank you very much for reading this post!!